Volume 10, Issue 4 (2-2011)                   2011, 10(4): 1047-1067 | Back to browse issues page

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VosoughRazavi S, Ejtehadi H, Zaree H, Tavakoli S. Study of Species Diversity of Macrophytes in Mazandaran Province, Iran. Quarterly Journal of Science Kharazmi University. 2011; 10 (4) :1047-1067
URL: http://jsci.khu.ac.ir/article-1-1396-en.html
1- 30-faramarzabbasi43-Mashhad
Abstract:   (6057 Views)
Aquatic ecosystems are the main biotic ecosystems that contain variety of plant species and their destruction result in the reduction of plant species diversity. In the present investigation, species diversity of aquatic plants in permanent, seasonal, forest wetlands and ricelands of the west and east of Mazandaran province was determined. First, 30 habitats were determined on the map and the total 161 samples, based on systematic-random sampling, were established. 126 species of aquatic plant of the habitats were collected and the cover of each species ,based on the area of quadrate that accupied by plants, was recorded. The results showed that species diversity of aquatic plants in the west and east is governed by the moisture gradient. Based on De Martonne classification system of climate, the west and east of Mazandaran province have wet and mediterranean climate, respectively. Therefore, the condition for the growth of aquatic plants in the west is more appropriate than in the east. Species diversity of wetlands and ricelands in the west was higher than that in the east. In this study, classification system of den Hartog & Veld for aquatic plants that classify them as hygrophytes, real aquatic and wetland species was applied and diversity indices for all three categories were calculated. The results revealed that diversity of hygrophytes is the highest among them and the real aquatic plants have higher species diversity than wetlands. T-test, based on Shannon index, showed significant differences between diversity of the west and east as well as between three group of macrophytes (P<0.05).
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Type of Study: Research Paper |
Published: 2011/02/15

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